AP经济学13个考试要点汇总

AP经济学13个考试要点总结-知识梳理必备

AP经济学有两门独立的考试:一是微观经济学,二是宏观经济学。每门考试设立的对象,都是有志于在高中阶段完成大学第一学期入门课程学习的有条件的学生。下面是AP经济学考试中的13个要点,希望对大家的AP考试能够有所帮助。

1 、Fundamentals of Economic

Analysis

Scarce Resources

Production Possibilities

Functions of Economic

Systems

2、 Demand, Supply, Market

Equilibrium, and Welfare Analysis

Demand

Supply

Market Equilibrium

Welfare Analysis

3、Elasticity, Microeconomic

Policy, and Consumer Theory

Elasticity

Microeconomic Policy and

Applications of Elasticity

Consumer Choice

4、The Firm, Profit, and the

Costs of Production

Firms, Opportunity Costs, and

Profits

Production and Cost

5、Market Structures, Perfect

Competition, Monopoly, and Things Between

Perfect Competition

Monopoly

Monopolistic Competition

Oligopoly

6、Factor Markets

Factor Demand

Least-Cost Hiring of Multiple

Inputs

Factor Supply and Market

Equilibrium

Imperfect Competition in

Product and Factor Markets

7、Public Goods, Externalities,

and the Role of Government

Public Goods and Spillover

Benefits

Pollution and Spillover

Costs

Income Distribution and Tax

Structures

8、 Macroeconomic Measures of

Performance

The Circular Flow Model

Accounting for Output and

Income

Inflation and the Consumer

Price Index

Unemployment

9、 Consumption, Saving,

Investment, and the Multiplier

Consumption and Saving

Investment

The Multiplier Effect

10、Aggregate Demand and

Aggregate Supply

Aggregate Demand

Aggregate Supply

Macroeconomic Equilibrium

The Trade-off Between Inflation

and Unemployment

11、Fiscal Policy, Economic

Growth, and Productivity

Expansionary and Contractionary

Fiscal Policy

Difficulties of Fiscal

Policy

Economic Growth and

Productivity

12、Money, Banking, and Monetary

Policy

Money and Financial Assets

Fractional Reserve Banking and

Money Creation

Monetary Policy

13、 International Trade

Comparative Advantage and Gains

from Trade

Balance of Payments

Foreign Exchange Rates

Trade Barriers

 

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