2022哈佛国际经济学论文竞赛题目有哪些?

2022年末最牛经济学论文大赛——HIEEC哈佛国际经济学论文竞赛,首度开启中国大陆赛区,竞赛题目有哪些?分别是生育率、房价、环境与健康、通货膨胀。备赛时间仅约一个月左右!

哈佛主办,诺奖得主亲审!2022年HIEEC竞赛正式启动!

2022参赛题目

关键词:中国生育率

In recent years and decades, many countries have seen fertility rates drop, potentially leading to falling populations. Currently, China has a fertility rate of 1.3, one of the lowest in the world. However, in 2021, China experienced GDP growth of 8% with output totaling $17.7 trillion. Will this lowered fertility rate (with potential to fall further) affect China’s economic growth and policy? How so? What, if anything, can the Chinese government do to limit the risk of falling fertility rates?

近年来,许多国家的生育率下降,可能导致人口下降。目前,中国的生育率为1.3,是世界上最低的国家之一。然而,2021 年,中国的 GDP 增长了 8%,总产值达 17.7 万亿美元。 生育率的下降(可能进一步下降)会影响中国的经济增长和政策吗?将带来怎样的影响?中国政府可以采取哪些措施来应对生育率下降的风险?

关键词:美国房价

U.S. mortgage rates recently passed 7%, making the purchase of a new home increasingly unaffordable. Meanwhile, the United States has suffered from a chronic shortage of available housing for decades, particularly in urban areas, leading to what many scholars and advocates call an affordability crisis. Why is housing so unaffordable in the U.S.? What can (or should) be done by private actors, state and local governments, and the federal government to alleviate the affordability crisis?

美国抵押贷款利率最近已超过了7%,使得人们购买新房越来越难以负担。与此同时,几十年来美国的可用住房长期短缺,尤其是城市地区,从而出现了许多学者和专家所说的负担能力危机。为什么美国买不起房?个人、州和地方政府以及联邦政府能够(或应该)做些什么来缓解负担能力危机?

关键词:环境健康

It is often suggested that a tradeoff exists between economic growth and the health of the environment, especially now as the threat of climate change becomes more dire. What economic risks does a changing climate pose? Can economic growth be consistent with a healthy environment? What policies, either market-based or otherwise, should governments enact to protect the environment while posing the least danger to economic efficiency?

人们常常认为,在经济增长和环境健康之间存在着权衡,这一点在气候变化影响愈发可怕的今天尤其突出。气候变化会带来怎样的经济风险?经济增长能否与环境健康相一致?无论是基于市场还是其他因素,政府应该制定什么样的政策来保护环境,同时将对经济效率的危害降到最小?

关键词:通货膨胀

Central banks such as the Federal Reserve in the U.S. and the Bank of England in the UK manage their nation’s macroeconomies with the goal of ensuring price stability and maximum employment. Globally, inflation rates are rising to levels not seen since the 1980s, particularly in the U.S. and European countries. To what extent should the monetary policies of central banks in various Western countries differ or resemble one another as a reaction to the specific causes of inflation facing their economies?

美国的美联储和英国的英格兰银行等中央银行管控着本国的宏观经济,其目标是确保物价稳定和最大限度的就业。在全球范围内,通货膨胀率逐渐上升至上世纪80年来以来的最高水平,尤其是美国和欧洲国家。
西方各国的中央银行货币政策应保持何种程度的异同,以应对其经济所面临的通货膨胀具体原因?

参赛要求

9-12年级可参加

必须严格遵守1500字的字数限制。此限制不包括引用、脚注、标题、页眉和页脚。

接受提交的文档格式是PDF。

这篇文章不能参加任何其他比赛,也不能在其他地方发表。

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