CIE IGCSE Biology: 复习笔记:20.1.3 Water Pollution

CIE IGCSE Biology: 复习笔记:20.1.3 Water Pollution

Untreated Sewage & Excess Fertiliser



  • Human activities have led to the pollution of land, water and air
  • Pollution comes from a variety of sources, including industry and manufacturing processes, waste and discarded rubbish, chemicals from farming practices, nuclear fall-out, and untreated sewage




Eutrophication: Extended



  • Runoff of fertiliser from farmland enters the water and causes increased growth of algae and water plants
  • The resulting ‘algal bloom’ blocks sunlight so water plants on the bottom start to die, as does the algae when competition for nutrients becomes too intense
  • As water plants and algae die in greater numbers, decomposing bacteria increase in number and use up the dissolved oxygen whilst respiring aerobically
  • As a result there is less oxygen dissolved in water, so aquatic organisms such as fish and insects may be unable to breathe and would die


EutrophicationSequence of events causing eutrophication in lakes and rivers