CIE IGCSE Biology: 复习笔记:9.1.2 Circulatory System: Extended

CIE IGCSE Biology: 复习笔记:9.1.2 Circulatory System: Extended

 

Circulatory Systems of Fish & Mammals: Extended

Circulatory systems in Fish

  • Fish have a two-chambered heart and a single circulation
  • This means that for every one circuit of the body, the blood passes through the heart once

The single circulatory system in fish

Circulatory systems in Mammals

  • Mammals have a four-chambered heart and a double circulation
  • This means that for every one circuit of the body, the blood passes through the heart twice
  • The right side of the heart receives deoxygenated blood from the body and pumps it to the lungs (the pulmonary circulation)
  • The left side of the heart receives oxygenated blood from the lungs and pumps it to the body (the systemic circulation)

The double circulatory system in mammals

Advantages of Double Circulation: Extended

  • Blood travelling through the small capillaries in the lungs loses a lot of pressure that was given to it by the pumping of the heart, meaning it cannot travel as fast
  • By returning the blood to the heart after going through the lungs its pressure can be raised again before sending it to the body, meaning cells can be supplied with the oxygen and glucose they need for respiration faster and more frequently
更多IGCSE课程
翰林国际教育资讯二维码