CIE IGCSE Biology: 复习笔记:8.1.4 Transpiration

CIE IGCSE Biology: 复习笔记:8.1.4 Transpiration

Transpiration

  • Water travels up xylem from the roots into the leaves of the plant to replace the water that has been lost due to transpiration
  • Transpiration is defined as the loss of water vapour from plant leaves by evaporation of water at the surfaces of the mesophyll cells followed by diffusion of water vapour through the stomata
  • Xylem is adapted in many ways:
    • A substance called lignin is deposited in the cell walls which causes the xylem cells to die
    • These cells then become hollow (as they lose all their organelles and cytoplasm) and join end-to-end to form a continuous tube for water and mineral ions to travel through from the roots
    • Lignin strengthens the plant to help it withstand the pressure of the water movement
  • Movement in xylem only takes place in one direction - from roots to leaves (unlike phloem where movement takes place in different directions)

Water uptake, transport and transpiration, IGCSE & GCSE Biology revision notes

Water uptake, transport and transpiration

Transpiration in plants, IGCSE & GCSE Biology revision notes

Transpiration in plants

  • Transpiration has several functions in plants:
    • transporting mineral ions
    • providing water to keep cells turgid in order to support the structure of the plant
    • providing water to leaf cells for photosynthesis
    • keeping the leaves cool (the conversion of water (liquid) into water vapour (gas) as it leaves the cells and enters the airspace requires heat energy. The using up of heat to convert water into water vapour helps to cool the plant down)

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