CIE IGCSE Biology: 复习笔记:7.1.12 Bile: Extended

CIE IGCSE Biology: 复习笔记:7.1.12 Bile: Extended

Bile: Extended

  • Cells in the liver produce bile which is then stored in the gallbladder


Bile production and secretion

Bile has two main roles:

  • It is alkaline to neutralise the hydrochloric acid which comes from the stomach
  • The enzymes in the small intestine have a higher (more alkaline) optimum pH than those in the stomach
  • It breaks down large drops of fat into smaller ones. This is known as emulsification. The larger surface area allows lipase to chemically break down the lipid into glycerol and fatty acids faster

Exam Tip

Emulsification is the equivalent of tearing a large piece of paper into smaller pieces of paper.This is an example of mechanical digestion, not chemical digestion – breaking something into smaller pieces does not break bonds or change the chemical structure of the molecules which make it up, which is the definition of chemical digestion.