CIE IGCSE Biology: 复习笔记:7.1.9 Hydrochloric Acid

CIE IGCSE Biology: 复习笔记:7.1.9 Hydrochloric Acid

Hydrochloric Acid

  • The stomach produces several fluids which together are known as gastric juice
  • One of the fluids produced is hydrochloric acid
  • This kills bacteria in food and gives an acid pH for enzymes to work in the stomach

How is a low pH helpful in the stomach?

  • The low pH kills bacteria in food that we have ingested as it denatures the enzymes in their cells, meaning they cannot carry out any cell reactions to maintain life
  • Pepsin, produced in the stomach, is an example of an enzyme which has a very low optimum pH - around pH 2
  • The hydrochloric acid produced in the stomach ensures that conditions in the stomach remain within the optimum range for pepsin to work at its fastest rate