Edexcel A (SNAB) A Level Biology:复习笔记6.1.2 Micro-organisms: Decomposition & Nutrient Recycling

Micro-organisms: Decomposition & Nutrient Recycling

  • Dead plants and animals are broken down by microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi
    • These organisms are known as decomposers
  • These decomposers secrete enzymes that break large organic molecules down into smaller ones
    • These small molecules, such as glucose, can be broken down further during respiration
  • The microorganisms involved in decomposition produce CO2 and methane which are released into the atmosphere
  • Carbon dioxide can then be absorbed by green plants which will fix the carbon back into carbohydrates during photosynthesis

Microorganisms use biological molecules within dead tissue to fuel their respiration, releasing carbon back into the atmosphere as they do so