Edexcel A Level Chemistry:复习笔记6.1.6 Disproportionation & Electrode Potential

Disproportionation & Electrode Potential

 

  • A disproportionation reaction is where one element in a chemical is simultaneously reduced and oxidised, e.g.

2Cu+ (aq) → Cu2+ (aq) + Cu (s)

  • Standard electrode potentials can be used to explain disproportionation reactions
      1. Cu2+ (aq) + e– ⇌ Cu+ (aq)Eθ = +0.15 V
      2. Cu+ (aq) + e– ⇌ Cu (s)Eθ = +0.52 V
    • The electrode potential value for equation 1 is more negative, therefore, this reaction will be the oxidation reaction and proceed to the left
    • The electrode potential value for equation 2 is more positive, therefore, this reaction will be the reduction reaction and proceed to the right
      • You now have:

Cu+ (aq) ⇌ Cu2+ (aq) + e–

Cu+ (aq) + e– ⇌ Cu (s)

      • Combining these two equations agrees that the overall equation is possible

2Cu+ (aq) → Cu2+ (aq) + Cu (s)

 

 

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