Edexcel A Level Chemistry:复习笔记4.2.3 Chlorination of 2-Methylpropan-2-ol

Core Practical 6: Chlorination of 2-Methylpropan-2-ol


Synthesis of a haloalkane from an alcohol

  • Measure 8 cm3 of 2-methylpropan-2-ol in a measuring cylinder
  • Pour the 2-methylpropan-2-ol into a separating funnel
  • Using a fume hood, add 20 cm3 of concentrated hydrochloric acid to the separating funnel in small portions of 2 - 3 cm3 making sure to release the pressure by opening the stopper after each addition
  • Leave the separating funnel to stand in the fume hood for 20 minutes and gently shake the separating funnel at 2 minute intervals
  • Allow the layers to separate and dispose of the lower aqueous layer by opening the tap
  • Add add sodium hydrogen carbonate solution in small portions to the funnel and gently shake the funnel, again, release the pressure at regular intervals
    • This removes acidic impurities
  • Once these layers have separated, open the tap once more and dispose of the aqueous layer
  • Pour the organic layer into a clean dry conical flask and add two spatulas of magnesium sulfate
    • This will remove water
  • Once clear, decant the liquid into distillation apparatus
  • Distill the liquid and collect the distillate in the range of 47 - 53oC


A separating funnel allows the product to be cleaned and isolated