IB DP Chemistry: SL复习笔记10.2.11 Alcohols - Esterification

Esterification

  • Esters are compounds with an -COOR functional group and are characterised by their sweet and fruity smells
  • They are prepared from the condensation reaction between a carboxylic acid and alcohol with concentrated H2SO4 as catalyst
    • This is also called esterification
  • The first part of the ester’s name comes from the alcohol and the second part of the name comes from the carboxylic acid
    • E.g. Propanol and ethanoic acid will give the ester propyl ethanoate

3.6-Carboxylic-Acids-Derivatives-Production-of-Esters-1

Esters are formed from the condensation reaction between carboxylic acids and alcohols

Exam Tip

The reaction is also classified as a nucleophilic substitution reaction

 

 

 

 

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