IB DP Chemistry: SL复习笔记10.1.11 Primary, Secondary & Tertiary atoms

Primary, Secondary & Tertiary Atoms

Alcohols and halogenoalkanes

  • Primary alcohols and halogenoalkanes are those in which the carbon atom bonded to the  functional group is attached to one other carbon atom (or alkyl group)
  • In secondary alcohols and halogenoalkanes the functional group carbon atom is attached to two other carbon atoms (or alkyl groups)
  • In tertiary alcohols and halogenoalkanes the functional group carbon atom is attached to three other carbon atoms (or alkyl groups)

3.4-Hydroxy-Compounds-Classifying-Alcohols_1

Classifying primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols and alcohols with more than one alcohol group

Amines

  • Amines follow a slightly different classification system, although the terms primarysecondary and tertiary are still used
  • The classification is based on the number of alkyl groups attached to the nitrogen in the amine
  • Primary amines are those in which the nitrogen is attached to one other carbon atom (or alkyl group)
  • In secondary amines the nitrogen atom is attached to two other carbon atoms (or alkyl groups)
  • In tertiary aminethe nitrogen is attached to three other carbon atoms (or alkyl groups)

10.1.11-Primary-Secondary-Tertiary-Atoms-1

Primary, secondary and tertiary Amines

 

 

 

 

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