自主学习Level2A干货--Unit 4

新一单元的单词词组又

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Unit 4:Visiting Factory

1. reputation     [ˌrepjuˈteɪʃn]

n. 名气,名声; 好名声; 信誉,声望; 荣誉,名望

[例句] Alice Munro has a reputation for being a very depressing writer.

艾丽斯·芒罗以文风沉郁闻名。


2. decade     [ˈdekeɪd]

n. 十年,十年间; 十个一组; 十年期 

[例句] British Rail has indeed become more commercial over the past decade.

过去10年来,英国铁路确实变得更加商业化了。


3. roughly     [ˈrʌfli]

adv. 粗略地; 大致上; 大体上; 粗暴地 

[例句] This trail was roughly parallel to the border.

这条小路与边境线大致平行。

4. comparatively     [kəmˈpærətɪvli]

adv. 对比地; 相对地; 比较地; 有点

[例句] Tin is a comparatively easy metal to smelt.

锡是比较容易熔化的金属。


5. account for     

说明(原因、理由等); 导致,引起; (在数量、比例上) 占; 对…负责 

[例句] Now, the gene they discovered today doesn't account for all those cases.

不过,他们现在发现的基因无法解释所有的病例。


6. no wonder

无怪; 难怪,怪不得

[例句] No wonder my brother wasn't feeling well.

难怪我兄弟感觉不舒服了。


7. home and abroad

国内外,海内外

[例句] The firm has identified 60 potential customers at home and abroad.

该公司已在国内外找到60个潜在客户。


8. profit     [ˈprɒfɪt]

n. 利润; 收益,得益; 红利; 净值利润率 

vt. 有益于…,对…有益的; 得益; 创利润 

vi. 获利; 有益 

[例句] Footballers are accustomed to profiting handsomely from bonuses.

足球运动员对获取丰厚的奖金已习以为常。


9. freezer     [ˈfri:zə]

n. 冰箱; 冷藏库; 制冷工 

[例句] I've defrosted the freezer.

我已经给冷冻柜除过霜了。


10. refrigerator     [rɪˈfrɪdʒəreɪtə]

n. 冰箱; 冷藏库; 制冰机,冷冻机 

[例句] He went to the refrigerator and removed a bottle of wine.

他走到冰箱处拿出一瓶酒。


11. exceed     [ɪkˈsi:d]

vt. 超过; 超越; 胜过; 越过…的界限

vi. 突出,领先 

[例句] Its research budget exceeds $ 700 million a year.

其研究预算每年超过7亿美元。


12. rust     [rʌst]

n. 铁锈; 锈病,锈菌; 荒废,停滞; 锈,锈色 

vt. (使) 生锈; [植] 害锈病; 变钝,荒废 

[例句] Manufacturers are looking into building cars out of plastic to avoid the problem of rust.

制造商们正研究如何用塑料制造车辆,以避免生锈。


13. keen     [ki:n]

adj. 锐利的; 厉害的,强烈的; 敏锐的,敏捷的; 热心的

[例句] There is expected to be a keen fight in the local elections.   

预计地方选举的竞争会非常激烈


14. competition     [ˌkɒmpəˈtɪʃn]

n. 竞争; 比赛; 竞争者; [生] 生存竞争 

[例句] There's been some fierce competition for the title.

夺冠之争一直都相当激烈。


15. shrinking     [ʃrɪŋkɪŋ]

adj. 萎缩的;犹豫不决的

[例句] Shrinking economies mean falling tax revenues and more government debt.

经济收缩意味着税收的减少和政府债务的增加。


16. joint venture

合资企业 

[例句] It will be sold to a joint venture created by Dow Jones and Westinghouse Broadcasting.

它将会出售给一家由道琼斯公司和西屋广播公司合资的公司。


17. remotely     [rɪˈməʊtli]

adv. 遥远地; 偏僻地; 冷淡地; 极小地 

[例句] We had never seen anything remotely like it before.

我们以前从来没有见过任何类似的事情。


18. at full capacity

以全(部)力(量),满功率,满负载 

[例句] To make the computer work at full capacity, the programmer has to think like the machine.

为了让计算机充分发挥作用,程序员就得像计算机一样思考。


19. competitor     [kəmˈpetɪtə]

n. 竞争者; 对手 

[例句] The bank isn't performing as well as some of its competitors.

这家银行表现得不如几家竞争对手出色。


20. microwave oven

n. 微波炉 

[例句] I seem to be missing a microwave oven.

我想我丢了我的微波炉。


21. experiment     [ɪkˈsperɪmənt]

n. 尝试; 实验,试验 

vi. 尝试; 做实验,进行试验 

[例句] The astronauts are conducting a series of experiments to learn more about how the body adapts to weightlessness.

那些宇航员正在进行一系列实验,以更多地了解身体如何适应失重状态。


22. radiation leak

核泄漏; 辐射泄露 

[例句] No one knew of the explosion or the radiation leak, and no one said anything.

没有人知道这次爆炸或是辐射的泄漏,也没有人说起这件事。


23. sensitive     [ˈsensətɪv]

adj. 敏感的; 感觉的; [仪] 灵敏的; 易受影响的 

n. 敏感的人; 有灵异能力的人 

[例句] The classroom teacher must be sensitive to a child's needs.

班主任必须对小学生的需求体察入微。


24. detector     [dɪˈtektə]

n. 探测器; 检测器; 发现者; 侦察器 

[例句] Their approach is to scan every checked-in bag with a bomb detector.

他们的方法是用炸弹探测器对每一个办理了登机手续的箱包进行扫描。


25. guarantee     [ˌgærənˈti:]

n. 保证,担保; 保证人,保证书; 抵押品 

vt. 保证,担保  

[例句] Surplus resources alone do not guarantee growth.

仅有富余的资源并不能确保发展。


26. potential     [pəˈtenʃl]

adj. 潜在的,有可能的; [语法学] 可能语气的,表示可能性的; 有能力的

n. 潜力,潜能 

[例句] We are aware of the potential problems and have taken every precaution.   

我们已意识到潜在的问题,并采取了全面的预防措施。


27. convenient     [kənˈvi:niənt]

adj. 方便的 

[例句] The family thought it was more convenient to eat in the kitchen..

这家人认为在厨房吃饭更方便。




这一个单元的单词词组比前几个单元略多一些,所以大家更要好好记住哦!!!


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