AQA A Level Biology复习笔记 1.5.7 Semi-Conservative Replication

The Purpose of Semi-Conservative Replication


  • Before a (parent) cell divides, it needs to copy the DNA contained within it
    • This is so that the two new (daughter) cells produced will both receive the full copies of the parental DNA


  • The DNA is copied via a process known as semi-conservative replication (semi = half)
    • The process is called so because in each new DNA molecule produced, one of the polynucleotide DNA strands (half of the new DNA molecule) is from the original DNA molecule being copied
    • The other polynucleotide DNA strand (the other half of the new DNA molecule) has to be newly created by the cell
    • Therefore, the new DNA molecule has conserved half of the original DNA and then used this to create a new strand


The importance of retaining one original DNA strand

  • It ensures there is genetic continuity between generations of cells
  • In other words, it ensures that the new cells produced during cell division inherit all their genes from their parent cells
  • This is important because cells in our body are replaced regularly and therefore we need the new cells to be able to do the same role as the old ones
    • Replication of DNA and cell division also occurs during growth