- Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is used for analysing organic compounds
- NMR analysis can provide information about the positions of 13C and 1H atoms in a molecule
- All samples are measured against a reference compound – Tetramethylsilane (TMS)
- TMS shows a single sharp peak on NMR spectra, at a value of zero
- Sample peaks are then plotted as a ‘shift’ away from this reference peak
- This gives rise to ‘chemical shift’ values for protons on the sample compound
- Chemical shifts are measured in parts per million (ppm)
You are often asked in exam questions why tetramethylsilane (TMS) is a suitable solvent for NMR analysis. Try to remember that TMS is:
- Non toxic.
- Does not react with the sample.
- Easily separated from the sample molecule due to its low boiling point.
- Produces one strong, sharp absorption peak on the spectrum.
Draw the structural formula of TMS