【X-Level带你学英语10】English amuses you!

 

Reputation takes a life time to bulid and a section to destroy.

——树立名声需要一生的努力,而毁掉它只需要一秒。

11

 

星期天

2018年3月

 

 

1 英语小陷阱

Shoot from the hip

小编记得曾经刚刚跳槽到一个新公司的时候,对什么都不熟悉。午饭时,热情的同事向我介绍办公室里其他几个同事的情况。当她说到老板Robert时,她说他是个什么都 "Shoot from the hip"的人。

听后我着实一惊,不明就理,shoot不是“射击”吗??hip不是“屁股”吗??老板这么可怕的吗??随身携带武器而且还能背后开枪??娇小的我突然害怕起来。

后来工作了好一段时间也没发生什么事,才搞明白原来这个短语是形容一个人做事干脆利落,连想也不想,说干就干!俗语真是博大精深啊~

2

追溯词源

martial(军事的)

看到shoot,小编就自行脑补了一场激烈的枪林弹雨,而这自然是只有在军事的战争片中才能看过瘾的啦~今天,小编就要带大家追溯 “martial” (战争的)这一词的来源。如果熟悉小编套路的朋友一定会猜:今天这词不会又来自希腊神话吧??

恭喜你!答对啦!martial一词源于希腊神话中的战神阿瑞斯(Ares)。他是主神宙斯和天后赫拉的儿子,爱神阿芙洛狄忒的情人。负责掌管战争。他相貌英俊,孔武有力,性格残暴好斗,勇猛顽强,是力量和权力的象征,同时又代表了战争的血腥。他在罗马神话中被称为马尔斯(Mars)。

因为罗马人崇尚武力,所以战神在罗马神话中地位极高,三月(March)和火星(Mars)都以他的名字命名。单词march还表示“进军”,因为古罗马人认为三月份是开始进军打仗的好季节。

【扩展】

Mars:[mɑːz] n.战神,火星。

march:[mɑːtʃ] n.三月v.进军

martial:['mɑːʃ(ə)l] adj.军事的,战争的,尚武的。

martial art:武艺。

 

3 初高中月考试卷解析 (一)

中考单选形容词副词的比较级最高级专讲中考中对形容词副词比较级最高级的考查相对来说是比较容易得分的一个内容。因为知识点相对集中,所以只要掌握了最核心内容,做题就很简单。接下来小编就为各位奉上形容词副词比较级最高级的常考知识点和做题思路。

常考知识点比较级:

1、变化规则(五般一特);

2、程度副词(much/even/a little/a bit)+比较级+than;

3、“越来越…”句式:比较级+and+比较级/more and more+多音节词原级

4、“越…就越…”句式:the+比较级,the+比较级

5、“一样…”:as… as /the same as6、三种倍数表达:倍数+as + 原级 + as 倍数+the +n.(size/ height/ length…)+of 倍数+ 比较级 +than

最高级:

1、变化规则(五般一特)

2、“…之中最…”句式:the+adj./adv.最高级…in+范围/ of+同类

3、“最….之一”句式:one of + 最高级 + 复数名词+ in/of

4、形容词比较级的最高级形容词比较级+than any other + n.(单)形容词比较级+than the other + n.(复)

做题思路:

1、从选项出发:若选项中为形容词副词比较级和最高级的结构,就可以判断出此题是对比较级和最高级的考查。有时候可以直接根据选项的表达错误排除一些选项。

2、找标志词:比较级是两者之间的比较,一般会出现“than”;最高级是三者及以上之间的比较,一般会有“in+范围”/“of+同类”的表达,注意有时候范围是隐蔽的。

3、看语境:最后翻译整个题目意思,根据语境确定答案。

习 题

1、(2017师大附中第一次月考)—How is your father feeling today? —Much _____. He can’t go to work today. A. bad B. worse C. better

2、(2017长郡第一次月考)This question sounds _____than that one.A. very polite B. much more polite C. much more politely

3、My friend Lily always thinks ___ anyone else.----Oh, she is a thoughtful girl.A. far more carefully thanB. much more careful thanC. a little less carefully than

4、(2017雅礼第一次月考)—We can't eat junk food. It's not healthy.—I agree.____junk food we eat, ____we are. A. The more, the more healthy B. the less, the healthier C. the fewer, the healthier

5、 (2016•达州)--Roy never likes junk food. --Neither do I.That's probably why I'm becoming ____ now.A.healthy and weakB.healthier and healthier C.weaker and weaker D.more and more healthily

6、(2016•青岛)The talent show is ______ the game show.I like both.A.as boring as B.not so bored as C.as interesting as D.not so interested as

7、(2016•漳州)--Shall I wear the pink evening dress or the white one? ---They both look beautiful,but I think the white one is A.suitable B.more suitable C.the most suitable

8、(2016•盐城)The rich were one of the four main classes in the Aztec society. A.the most powerful B.the more powerful C.more powerful D.powerful

9、(2016•黔东南州)--Who do you think _____ in your Dragon Boat race team? --Da Liu,I think.A.is a good player B.a good player is C.is the best player D.the best player is 10、--Do you know Shanghai is one of _____ in the world? --Yes,it's bigger than ______ city in China.( ) A.the biggest city;any B.the biggest cities;any C.the biggest cities;any other

【总分析】对于形容词副词比较级最高级的考查知识点都是非常固定的,因此要攻破此类单选题需要的就是同学们扎扎实实的积累基础知识,并且只要多练习,就会越来越得心应手。

(二)高三语法填空专讲(选自2017年雅礼中学高三第五次月考)

After several weeks in China, I noticed something strange at the dinner table. I was in a restaurant when, on another table, a group of four men started shouting at each other and 61 (wave) their money around. I finally learned they were actually “fighting" to pay the bill! This scene made me think of 62 it would look like in Britain. It is totally different from British food culture, 63 usually implies you pay for whatever you ordered. In a British restaurant, you usually just pay for 64 (you).It’ s called “going Dutch”. I guess there is one reason that could explain some of the 65 (different) between East and West. How you pay the bill depends on how you order and eat. Usually in Chinese restaurants, the group together decides 66 each dish, and the group eats all of the dishes. 67 opposite is true when eating out in the West. Each person 68 (choose) the food that he or she wants. So it's simple to pay for what you ordered.I 69 (person )enjoy both practices. It’s nice to treat your friends to dinner sometimes. And it's also nice 70 (treat). And on days when I miss Western food. I know there’ll be no "fight” over who should pay!路 漫漫其修远兮吾将上下而求索

We may encounter many defeats but we must not be defeated.——我们可能会失败很多次,但绝不能被打败。