美国科学碗比赛(NSB)如何准备?

National Science Bowl作为全美规模最大的科学比赛之一,是由能源部(DOE)于1991年所创办的团队竞赛,每年大约都有9000多名高中生和5000名中学生报名参加,参赛的选手们来自全美多达700多个高中和300多个初中。

备考信息

1,利用学习资源,注重数学学科

虽然没有给出固定的出题范围,但是从竞赛官网Q&A的给出的信息中可以看到,高中组的竞赛难度和AP课程的难度差不多,推荐选用AP课程的相关资料进行准备。

竞赛介绍 | 全美科学碗(NSB)

另外,NSB的官网也给出了每一年的练习题库,可以配合Quizlet,Khan Academy,YouTube上的视频以及Science百科全书等书籍进行学习。如果目前还没有自己特别擅长的学科,可以先从最重要的数学学科入手,数学可以参考Math Olympiad的相关资料。

2,注重团队合作,扬长避短

一般来说,除了队长之外,并不要求团队的每一个成员对每一个学科都十分精通,比方说有的选手擅长数学,有的擅长化学或物理,不同领域有专长的选手们组成一队可以在比赛中更快更准确地回答出各个学科的问题。当然,团队如何配合也很重要。

3,模拟比赛现场,加强速度练习

由于Science Bowl需要选手在听到问题之后抢答,快速算出正确答案的技能相当重要。团队选手可以利用官网给出的样题模拟赛场,把回答问题的时间缩短在10s之内,经常进行倒计时答题练习。另外,在正式比赛前可以提前准备草稿纸和笔,随时在比赛过程中进行演算。

备考书目

General STEM Texts:
D.K. Publishing ISBN 07894-7388-7
Spaulding and Namowitz, copyright 1994
Starr and Taggart (1998)Science Glencoe Life Science by Daniel, Ortleb and Biggs Science
American Association for the Advancement of ScienceBook Order Department
1200 New York Ave. NWWashington, DC 200051-888-PDP-2061
National Wildlife Federation - 1988
Washington, DC McGraw - Hill ISBN 0070471010
The American Heritage Student Science Dictionary
A Dictionary of Science (Oxford Paperback Reference)
The Handy Science Answer Book, a compilation by the Carnegie Library of Pittsburg
Ranger Rick Nature Scope
Atlas of Science
Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life
Earth Science: Heath Earth Science
D.K. Guide to the Human Body
Math Texts:
Beyond Numeracy by John Allen Paulos
Mathematics:  A Human Endeavor by Harold Jacobs
The Joy of Mathematics by Theoni Pappas
More Joy of Mathematics by Theoni Pappas
The Harper Collins Dictionary of Mathematics
The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics
Biology Texts:
Biology 8th edition by Solomon Berg and Martin
Biology by Raven, Johnson, Losos and Singer
Campbell Biology 9/E – AP edition
Physic Texts:
Conceptual Physics by Hewitt
Conceptual Physical Science by Hewitt, Suchocki, Hewitt
Fundamentals of Physics by Halliday, Resnick and Walker.  8th Edition
Universe by Freedman and Kaufman
Chemistry Texts:
Conceptual Physical Science by Hewitt, Suchocki, Hewitt
Chemistry: The Central Science with Mastering Chemistry® (12th Edition) – older editions are great and much less expensive to purchase.
Earth Science Texts:
Earth Science (With CD-ROM) by Edward J. Tarbuck, Frederick K. Lutgens, Dennis Tasa, Publisher: Prentice Hall
Earth Science and the Environment (with EarthScienceNow and InfoTrac) by Graham R. Thompson,
Jon Turk, Publisher: Brooks Cole

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