100个闪光词,让你的托福写作1秒变高级!

在托福写作中,有一个经常困惑小伙伴的一个问题。那就是:我的用词是不是越复杂分数越高?其实,对于一篇书面文章来说,用词的准确得体肯定是被优先考虑的,其次是多样性。

在官方指南中,评分标准也包含对用词要求的表述:
100个闪光词,让你的托福写作1秒变高级!所以想要提高托福写作的一大方法,就是避免重复用词!如果不是为了修辞需要(比如排比和强调),我们应该尽量减少写作中的重复用词。作文中使用这些同义的替换词,可以让托福考官们眼前一亮!强烈建议先码后看哦!
1. famous people 名人
替换词:celebrities (单数为 celebrity)

2. opinion 观点
替换词:perspective / standpoint (means looking at an event or situation in a particular way)

3. complex 复杂的
替换词:intricate (if something is intricate, it often has many small parts and details)

4. part 部分
替换词:component

5. person 人
替换词:individual

6. friends 朋友、同伴
替换词:companions

7. enemy 敌人
替换词:opponent / foe

8. narrow minds  狭隘的头脑或观念
替换词:insular minds

9. boring 无聊的
替换词:tedious (if you describe something tedious, you mean it is boring and frustrating)

10. cold 寒冷的
替换词:chilly (unpleasantly cold) / icy (extremely cold)

11. dangerous 危险的
替换词:perilous (very dangerous) / hazardous (dangerous, especially to people's safety and health)

12. nowadays 目前
替换词:currently

13. result 结果
替换词:consequence  (the results or effects of something)

14. obvious 明显的
替换词:apparent / manifest

15. field 领域
替换词:domain (a particular field of thought, activities or interest)

16. wrong 错误的
替换词:erroneous (incorrect or partly correct)

17. change 改变、转变
替换词:convert (change into another form)

18. rich 富有
替换词:affluent (if you are affluent, you have a lot of money)

19. attractive 吸引人的
替换词:appealing (pleasing and attractive) / absorbing (something absorbing can attract you a great deal)

20. best 最好的
替换词:optimal (used to describe the best level something can achieve)

21. unbelievable 难以置信的
替换词:inconceivable (if you deem something inconceivable, you think it very unlike to happen)

22. method 方法
替换词:avenue (away of getting something done)

23. famous 著名的、出众的
替换词:distinguished (used to describe people who are successful in their career)

24. ancient 古老的
替换词:archaic (extremely old and extremely old-fashioned)

25. possible 可能的、合理的

替换词:feasible (if something is feasible, it can be done, made or achieved)

26. so 因此
替换词:consequently / accordingly

27. rare 很少发生的
替换词:infrequent (doesn’t happen often)

28. careful 小心的、谨慎的
替换词:cautious (very careful in order to avoid danger) / prudent (careful and sensible)

29. dislike 不喜欢、厌恶
替换词:abhor (abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for moral reasons) / loathe (dislike very much)

30. near 附近的
替换词:adjacent (two things next to each other) / adjoin (the same as adjacent)

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31. common 普遍的
替换词:universal / ubiquitous (if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be everywhere)

32. important 重要的
替换词:crucial (extremely important) / significant (amount or effect large enough to be important)

33.a life without regular exercise 缺乏定期锻炼的生活
替换词:a sedentary lifestyle

34. very popular 很受欢迎
替换词:prevalent / ubiquitous

35. strong 强有力的
替换词:powerful / mighty

36. be better than 比…好
替换词:be superior to

37. many 大量、许多
替换词:numerous

38. most suitable 最合适的
替换词:optimal

39. alone 孤独的
替换词:solitary

40. be the same 一样
替换词:be identical / be homogenous / be uniform

41. happy 开心的
替换词:delighted

42. good for the environment  环保
替换词:eco-friendly

43. doubt sth. 怀疑某事
替换词:be skeptical about sth.

44. have many different abilities 多才多艺
替换词:be versatile / be well-rounded

45. poor-quality 质量差
替换词:substandard

46. spend a lot of money  花钱大手大脚
替换词:lead an extravagant / a lavish life

47. with long history 历史悠久
替换词:time-honored(后面经常跟抽象名词,比如 tradition / practice / methods / heritage)

48. be very interested in 对…感兴趣
替换词:be absorbed in / be engrossed in

49. be qualified for 胜任
替换词:be eligible for

50. very difficult 很困难
替换词:daunting / formidable

51. having wrong opinions观点错误
替换词:be skewed / biased

52. enough 足够的
替换词:adequate / sufficient / ample / abundant

53. too much 太多、大量的
替换词:excessive

54. very little 很小
替换词:minimal

55. cause bad effects 产生不良后果
替换词:counterproductive

56. make sth. strong 使某物强壮
替换词:strengthen / fortify / reinforce / consolidate sth.

57. make sth. worse 使某物变得更糟
替换词:aggravate / exacerbate sth.

58. stop 停止
替换词:cease

59. appear 出现
替换词:emerge / arise

60. begin 开始
替换词:commence / initiate

61. keep complaining about sth. 抱怨某事
替换词:grumble about sth.

62. try hard to do sth. 努力做某事
替换词:pursue sth. / make a strenuous (an arduous/ a painstaking) effort to do sth.

63. decrease 下降
替换词:decline / dwindle(特指逐渐缓慢的减少)/ dip / slip (后两个词用来指短促的下降)

64. develop fast 发展迅速
替换词:flourish / thrive

65. develop 培养、培育
替换词:cultivate / foster / nurture(这三个词后面经常跟和教育有关的名词,比如 cultivate an interest in social   issues)

66. support 支持
替换词:buttress / bolster

67. work hard 努力工作、专心工作
替换词:work assiduously

68. consider 深思、考虑
替换词:contemplate / reflect on / ponder

69. meet 遇到
替换词:encounter(多用于政府,文化或者 success 这样偏大一些的话题)

70. provide sth. 提供某物
替换词:afford sth.(在正式英文写作中,afford 经常可以表示「提供」)

71. like sth. very much 非常喜欢某物
替换词:have an affinity for  sth. / have a strong attachment to sth.

72. consider sth. valuable 觉得某物有价值
替换词:value sth. / treasure sth. / cherish sth.

73. solve 解决
替换词:tackle / combat / address

74. choose sth. / choose to do sth. 选择(做)某事
替换词:opt for sth. / opt to do sth.

75. achieve 实现
替换词:fulfill

76. appear in large numbers 大量出现
替换词:sprout up / mushroom

77. pay…for (one's loss) 支付(损失)
替换词:compensate…for…

78. contribute to 有助于
替换词:promote / facilitate(这两个词都是及物动词,所以不需要跟 to)

79. hate 厌恶、反对
替换词:resent / hold a grudge  against

80、is not limited to… 不限于
替换词:is not restricted to…/ is not confined to…

81. improve 提高
替换词:boost / enhance(比如 boost solidarity 增进团结 / enhance productivity 提高生产率)

82. waste 浪费
替换词:use…  lavishly

83. change… a lot 变化很大
替换词:fundamentally change… / radically change… / transform…

84. obey 服从、听从
替换词:abide by / comply with / conform to (后面跟 the law / rules / regulations 等)

85. depend on 取决于
替换词:hinge on / be contingent on

86. make one's dream come true 实现梦想
替换词:fulfill one’s potential / attain one’s goal

87. get rid of 摆脱、除去
替换词:eliminate / remove / abolish(多用于政府类话题,废除)

88. mainly 主要地
替换词:primarily / principally / chiefly

89. In the old days,… 在过去
替换词:Traditionally,… / Historically,…

90. before… 在… 之前
替换词:prior to…

91. be punished by the law 被法律制裁
替换词:be brought to justice

92. It is common for sb. to… 对…来说很普遍
替换词:It is standard practice for sb. to…

93. in this aspect 在这方面
替换词:in this regard / in this respect

94. in fact 事实上、本质上
替换词:as a matter of fact / in essence / essentially

95. It is impossible that… 不可能
替换词:It is highly unlikely that…

96. The cause of A is B. A 的原因是 B
替换词:A can be attributed to B / A can be ascribed to B

97. sth. stops 某物静止不动
替换词:sth. comes to a  standstill

98. carry out 开展
替换词:launch / conduct

99. pace of life 生活节奏
替换词:rhythm of life / tempo of life

100. adapt to 适应
替换词:adjust to / acclimate to

最后,还是要叮嘱小伙伴们,在托福写作中,我们首先追求的是准确得体。在背诵单词的时候不能孤立地从词语本身的含义着眼,而应从具体的语境,另外,要考虑用词得体,考虑场景、修饰对象、褒贬色彩、风格统一...不可因追求“高级表达”而使用不熟悉或者没有把握的词语。

希望在新的一年里,同学们都可以取得理想的托福成绩~

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