学术 | 写好新SAT作文必收藏,21种修辞手法及例句 (下)

    在之前的推文学术 | 写好新SAT作文必收藏,21种修辞手法及例句 (上)中,Vicky老师提到了掌握SAT修辞手法的重要性,并为大家介绍了10 个修辞手法及例句。本文中,将继续介绍另外11个修辞手法及例句。希望能够帮大家全面地拿下SAT写作。

11. Pun 双关语

    A pun is a joke that makes a play on words. A pun, also called paronomasia, uses words that have several meanings or words that sound similar but have different meanings.


Example 例句:


• The two pianists had a good marriage. They always were in a chord.


• The lights were too bright at the Chinese restaurant so the manager decided to dim sum.

中国餐馆的灯光太亮,经理决定调暗光线。(dim the light=调暗灯光,dim sum=点心)

• I am reading a book about anti-gravity. it is impossible to put down.


12. Parody 仿拟

    Parody is an imitation of a particular writer, artist or a genre, exaggerating it deliberately to produce a comic effect. The humorous effect in parody is achieved by imitating and overstressing noticeable features of a famous piece of literature, as in caricatures, where certain peculiarities of a person are highlighted to achieve a humorous effect.


Example 例句:


• Rome was not built in a day, nor in a year.


• To smoke or not to smoke, that is a question.

吸烟还是不吸烟,这是个问题。(仿拟莎士比亚“To be or not to be“)

• Fifty Shades of Chicken: A Parody in a Cookbook


13. Rhetorical Question 修辞疑问

    A rhetorical question is a question that you ask without expecting an answer. The question might be one that does not have an answer. It might also be one that has an obvious answer but you have asked the question to make a point, to persuade or for literary effect.


Example 例句:


• What is the meaning of life?


• Can we do better next time?


• How was it possible to walk for an hour through the woods and see nothing worth of note?


14. Antithesis 对偶

    Antithesis means opposite and is used as a literary device to put two contrasting ideas together. This emphasizes the difference between the two ideas and adds interest to writing.


Example 例句:


• Snow White and the Wicked Witch in Snow White


• “That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” - Neil Armstrong


• "Love is an ideal thing, marriage a real thing." – Goethe


15. Paradox 悖论

    A Paradox is a statement that may seem absurd or contradictory but yet can be true, or at least makes sense. Paradoxes are often contrary to what is commonly believed and so play an important part in furthering our understanding in literature and everyday life, or they can simply be an entertaining brain teaser.


Example 例句:


• The child is the father to the man.


• You can save money by spending it.


• Here are the rules: Ignore all rules.


16. Oxymoron 矛盾修饰法

    Oxymorons are used for a variety of purposes. Sometimes they are used to create some sort of drama for the reader or listener, and sometimes they are used to make the person stop and think, whether it's to laugh or to ponder.


Example 例句:


• Great Depression, pretty ugly, painfully beautiful, etc.


• A little pain never hurt anyone.


• "A business that makes nothing but money is a poor business." - Henry Ford


17. Rhetorical Repetition 重复

    Repetition is a literary device that repeats the same words or phrases a few times to make an idea clearer. As a rhetorical device, it could be a word, a phrase or a full sentence or a poetical line repeated to emphasize its significance in the entire text.


Example 例句:


• It must be created by the blood and the work of all of us who believe in the future, who believe in man and his glorious man—made destiny.


• "I want her to live. I want her to breathe. I want her to aerobicize.“ (Weird Science, 1985)


• "She's safe, just like I promised. She's all set to marry Norrington, just like she promised. And you get to die for her, just like you promised.“ (Jack Sparrow, The Pirates of the Caribbean)


18. Onomatopoeia 拟声词

    Onomatopoeia in nature would be words imitating sounds in nature.


Example 例句:


• The grouse flutter as they take flight.


• Baa – sheep, arf – dogs, awoooooo - dogs and wolves.


• Leaves rustle in the wind.


19. Alliteration 头韵

    Alliteration occurs when a series of words in a row (or close together) have the same first consonant sound. Aside from tongue twisters, alliteration is also used in poems, song lyrics, and even store or brand names.


Example 例句:


• How and why he had come to Princeton, New Jersey is a story of struggle, success, and sadness.

他为何以及如何来到Princeton,New Jersey是一个关于奋斗、成功和悲伤的故事。

• Kim’s kids kept kicking.


• Dunkin’ Donuts, PayPal, Best Buy, etc.


20. Analogy 类比

    An Analogy is a comparison of two things to show their similarities. Sometimes the things being compared are quite similar, but other times they could be very different. Nevertheless, an analogy explains one thing in terms of another to highlight the ways in which they are alike.


Example 例句:


• Finding a good man is like finding a needle in a haystack.


• Life is like a box of chocolates – you never know what you’re gonna get!


• "Writing a book of poetry is like dropping a rose petal down the Grand Canyon and waiting for the echo." - Don Marquis.


21. Symbolism 象征

    Symbolism is the practice or art of using an object or a word to represent an abstract idea. An action, person, place, word, or object can all have a symbolic meaning. When an author wants to suggest a certain mood or emotion, he can also use symbolism to hint at it, rather than just blatantly saying it.


Example 例句:


• Black is used to represent death or evil.


• A chain can symbolize the coming together of two things.


• Roses stand for romance.