考 SAT 还是 ACT?这是个问题…..又该如何规划考试时间呢?

如果你在上高中并且打算申请大学

那么你可能需要参加很多

Standardized Tests

像是SAT、ACT、AP测试,SAT专项测试等

首先来谈谈SAT和ACT的区别

 

 

ACT与SAT都是美国高考,是美国大学录取及奖学金发放的必要条件。两者考试的侧重点各有不同。

 

ACT侧重于考查学生在学校中所学的知识,与高中课程的关联程度较高,更加适合中国高中生的考试特点。而SAT考试侧重考查学生的逻辑推理能力和语言运用能力,对学生的批判性思维能力要求较高,对于出生在中国大陆,经历了典型的中国式教育的学生来说,难度太大。

 

ACT考试科目包括英语、阅读、数学、科学。2文2理,SAT考试科目包括英语、写作、数学。2文1理,ACT比SAT多了一门理科,对中国学生而言就多了一门抓分的科目。

 

在决定考SAT还是ACT 前先问自己几个问题:

你是否学过代数2?

你的微积分学的好吗?

你的词汇量有多大?

 

本文为Dyad导师Trevor King原创文章,转载请注明。

 

Vocabulary & Algebra 2

如 何 选 择

SAT对词汇的要求相当广泛,但ACT则没有,你如果学过微积分,那你则更适合考ACT 。反之,你如果对词汇量的自信超过数学,那么选择SAT吧。因为它只考察代数2的基本概念,并不像ACT 还考察三角学和微积分的内容。

此外,SAT会给出所有你可能需要的几何公式,ACT则要求你熟背它们。学生们通常更喜欢ACT,因为它的问题更直接,明确,只要你能抓紧时间完成它。

 

The most important factors to consider when deciding whether to prepare for the SAT or the ACT are whether you’ve taken Algebra 2 or Pre-calculus and how expansive your vocabulary is. The SAT tests vocabulary fairly extensively, the ACT does not. If you ‘ve taken Pre-calculus, the ACT might be for you. Otherwise, I recommend sticking with the SAT as the Math sections only test concepts learned through Algebra 2. The content tested on the ACT Math section is more advanced than content on the SAT because it includes Trigonometry and Pre-calculus concepts. Furthermore, the SAT gives you all the geometric formulas you might need, but you need to have them memorized for the ACT. Students generally prefer the ACT over the SAT because it’s more straightforward (the SAT is pretty tricky), although the ACT is more of a speed test.

 

 

有 何 不 同

 

Reading section

 

在阅读理解方面,ACT要比SAT容易一些,因为他的选项内容基本上直接是原文中的说法,而SAT则是在选项中对原文句子做出解释,要求答题者需要对文章内容有更深的理解。但ACT提问的顺序和有关原文在文章中出现的顺序是不一致的,这点上不如SAT的线性顺序查找起来方便。

 

The ACT Reading section contains easier questions and answers than the SAT Critical Reading section because the correct answer more exactly matches the wording of the text in the passage. The correct SAT Critical Reading answer choice may at most paraphrase the passage. While the ACT questions are generally easier than SAT questions, the order of the questions is more scrambled. On the SAT, the specific questions (ie those that refer to a specific word, line number, or paragraph) generally correlate to the passage in a linear fashion.

 

 

Science section

 

ACT的Science section基本上是一道送分题,你只需根据问题定位到相关的列和行就好,不需要太多的联系自身进行联想。它只考察一个人基本的认知能力(即从研究,图表,数字中分析和理解新知识的能力)。

 

The ACT Science section is basically a glorified Reading section-doing well comes down to locating the correct columns and rows. You hardly have to bring any crystallized knowledge to the ACT Science section-it’s mostly testing your fluid intelligence (ie your ability to analyze and interpret novel scientific information in the form of studies, charts, figures, and graphs).

 

Supercore

 

ACT的最大缺点是,不能像SAT那样承认Supercore,即无论你何时取得成绩,只取每个独立部分的最好分数。但如今,也有很多大学和高中开始接受ACT的Supercore了。

 

The real downside to the ACT is that you can’t take your Superscore like you can on the SAT. Superscoring is just taking your best performance on each individual section, regardless of the date on which you achieved that score. Although, apparently some colleges and universities have begun Superscoring the ACT as well.

 

当你确定了要考的科目后

那根据考试时间

我们何时开始准备或参加这些考试呢

由于需要参加的标准化测试实在太多,因此,规划好何时开始准备以及何时参加测试就显得尤为重要

 

 

一般的学生会参加3次的SAT/ACT测试,当然,参加5次也是可以的。你每年只有一次参加AP测试的机会,而专项测试却可以参加1-2次。

 

If you’re in high school and plan to apply to college, chances are you’re taking a lot of standardized tests. There’s the SAT, ACT, AP tests, SAT Subject tests—the list seems to go on and on! Because there are so many standardized tests to take, it’s important to plan out when you’re going to prepare for and officially take these tests. The average student takes the SAT/ACT three times, but it’s fine to take it five times. You only get the opportunity to take AP tests once a year, and it’s okay to take Subject tests once or twice.

 

 

建议在上高二(11年级)前的暑假开始着手准备SAT或ACT测试。

 

I recommend preparing for the SAT or ACT the summer before junior year (11thgrade).

 

大学并不关心你所提交的是哪种考试成绩,但大多数学校会要求提交至少一种考试的成绩。一些大学曾免除了ACT考生的SAT专项测试,因为ACT覆盖了更多的科目,但现在已不是这样。SAT测试由三个不同部分组成:批判性阅读、数学和写作。而ACT测试则包含四个部分:英语、数学、阅读、科学和可选的第五个写作部分(不过,你确实该选择写作部分)。

 

Colleges don’t care which test you submit, but most require one or the other. Some colleges used to exempt ACT test-takers from submitting any SAT Subject tests because the ACT ostensibly seems to cover more subjects, but that’s no longer the case. The SAT consists of three different sections: Critical Reading, Math, and Writing. The ACT has four sections: English, Math, Reading, Science, and an optional fifth Writing section (however, you should definitely opt to take the Writing portion of the ACT).

 

若你在高二前的暑假已做好了充分的准备,应该就能在那个秋季或是早冬解决SAT或是ACT测试的相关事宜。

 

If you prepare well the summer before junior year, you should be able to get the SAT or ACT out of the way that fall or early that winter.

每年的10月、1月和5月里,测试服务才会提供详尽的回答(包括测试手册、你的答案选项以及正确答案)

希望你能在5月之前完成SAT测试,这样春季时你就可以集中精力准备AP测试了。

如果没有,建议你参加6月份的SAT专项测试,最好是选择参加你所擅长的或是AP课程中所学的科目来进行测试。AP课程会为你参加专项测试打下坚实基础因为二者的测试卷都是由同一家公司——美国大学理事会设计的。

 

I recommend three main dates for the SAT because the testing service only offers the full Question & Answer Service (which provides you with the test booklet, your answer choices, and the correct answers) on those dates: October, January, and May. Hopefully, you’ll be done with the SAT by May though, so that you may focus on AP tests in the spring. I recommend taking SAT Subject tests on the June date, preferably in subjects in which you were in the honors or AP class. AP Classes prepare you very well for Subject tests because the same company (College Board) designs both tests; however, definitely make sure to take some practice SAT Subject tests before you go in for the real thing too