关于AP美国历史,你需要知道的所有事情

 · 谁适合考?

  1. 2018年需要申请美本的你;
  2. 申请学校要求比较高,面对竞争比较大的你;
  3. 已经拿到offer准备2018年秋季入学的你。

· 为什么需要考?

AP分数3分以上(满分5分)的学生在大学学业成功概率更高;

“Research consistently shows that students who receive a score of 3 or higher on AP Exams typically experience greater academic success in college and have higher graduation rates than their non-AP peers.” —College Board

  • AP分数3分以上可以替换成大学的学分(5 分=A;4 分=A−, B+,  B;3 分=B−, C+,  C);
  • AP备考过程可以帮助你明白自己是否喜欢某个专业(心理学,经济学,历史,文学,数学等);
  • AP备考可以帮助我们建立起更完善的文化基础背景。

· 得分情况怎么样?难考吗?

College Board 统计了去年考生在各个学科中的各个分数项的百分比 (见下表)。在历史社科类中,AP各学科考试人数和3分以上的考生比例是:

(https://secure-media.collegeboard.org/digitalServices/pdf/research/2017/Student-Score-Distributions-2017.pdf)

我们可以看到考美国史的人数在历史社科中是相对最大的(仅次于英语语言English Language,排第三参考人数最多的是English Literature),大多数本土考生的选择也许是实际角度出发,毕竟美国历史和英语语言/文学是美高都已经学过的内容,拿到3分以上应该相对值得的事。这就很迷了,因为现实是美国史拿到高分的比例却相对比较低。这个考试不是想像中的那么容易,为什么考试人数那么多呢?也许,即便实现考分需要加大功夫,但这个学习的过程是值得的。对于我们即将去美国读本科的学生们来说更是如此。备考美国史的过程,考生需要训练阅读历史文献的能力,语言层面上是词汇积累和应用的过程,在思维层面上,分析不同历史观点,思考起因经过和影响,并把阶段历史放在大的历史背景去审视,是学习辩证思维(critical thinging skills)的过程。

· AP美国史考什么内容呢?

【第一部分】

Part A. 多选题55道,占比40%,55分钟,知识点范围1491年到现在。考生需要阅读历史文献(文字,图表或者图片),然后回答2-5题,例如:

Questions 1–3 refer to the excerpt below.

 

“In 1739 arrived among us from Ireland the Reverend Mr. [George] Whitefield, who had made himself remarkable there as an itinerant preacher. He was at first permitted to preach in some of our churches; but the clergy, taking a dislike to him, soon refused him their pulpits, and he was obliged to preach in the fields. The multitudes of all sects and denominations that attended his sermons were enormous. . . . It was wonderful to see the change soon made in the manners of our inhabitants. From being thoughtless or indifferent about religion, it seemed as if all the world were growing religious, so that one could not walk thro’ the town in an evening without hearing psalms sung in different families of every street.”

 

Benjamin Franklin, The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

 

1. Whitefield’s impact suggests that religious culture among British North American colonists in the 1700s was most directly shaped by

  1. Roman Catholic influences
  2. interest in commerce and business
  3. trans-Atlantic exchanges
  4. reliance on agriculture

 

2. Whitefield’s open-air preaching contributed most directly to which of the following trends?

  1. The growth of the ideology of republican motherhood
  2. Greater independence and diversity of thought
  3. Movement of settlers to the backcountry
  4. The pursuit of social reform

 

3. The preaching described in the excerpt is an example of which of the following developments in the 1700s?

  1. The emergence of an idea of republican self-government
  2. The beginning of calls for the abolition of slavery
  3. The increased influence of the Enlightenment
  4. The expansion of Protestant evangelism

Part B. 简答题3道, 占比20%,40分钟, 两道知识点范围1754~1980年,一道二选一,考生需要阅读历史文献(文字,图表或者图片)回答对应的问题,不需要考生详细论证支持一个论点,例如:

 

Using the post–Civil War image above, answer (a), (b), and (c).

(a) Brie y describe ONE perspective about citizenship expressed in the image.

(b) Brie y explain ONE specific historical development that led to the change depicted in the image.

(c) Briefly explain ONE way in which the historical change depicted in the image was challenged in the period 1866 to 1896.

【第二部分】

Part A. 文献分析题1道,占比25%,60分钟,知识点范围1754~1980年。这部分需要考生阅读需要阅读并分析九篇历史文献(文字,图表或者图片);

Part B. 独立写作题1道,占比15%,40分钟, 题目三选一,范围分别为1491~1800年,1800~1898年,1890~2018,需要有历史事件为依据,多角度分析。

总共三个小时十五分钟的考试,有两个技能是被强调的:1.阅读历史文献;2.分析历史文献。

考过SAT的同学会不会觉得很眼熟?是的!和SAT阅读中的历史文献阅读,以及写作中的分析历史文献是一样一样的!

· 我该怎么备考呢?

重点来了,既然这么难这么重要这么有价值,我们该怎么备考呢?简单的说,投入很重要,时间上需要充足的准备。

特别是如果我们还没全面学习过美国史(或者上了课,但没怎么重视且走心的学习),那么Domino建议至少需要三个月的时间去准备。

一个半月时间熟悉教材内容,看一遍 Ameican Pageant  (这本书有一千多页,很厚,也很详尽),或者看三遍 Direct Hits US History in a Flash (不到四百页,主要事件和时期的高度概括,更贴近考点), 能清晰整理出九个美国历史时期的时间脉络和重要事件。

一个半月刷真题和写分析性文章。

所以今年五月份的考试,这个寒假就开始准备是很有比较的哦。

需要备考AP美国史教材和练习题的你,欢迎联系Domino来获得。

更多备考相关问题,我们也可以一起探讨~

 

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