2012 USAJMO Problems真题及答案
Given a triangle , let and be points on segments and , respectively, such that . Let and be distinct points on segment such that lies between and , , and . Prove that , , , are concyclic (in other words, these four points lie on a circle).
Find all integers such that among any positive real numbers , , , withthere exist three that are the side lengths of an acute triangle.
Let , , be positive real numbers. Prove that
Let be an irrational number with , and draw a circle in the plane whose circumference has length 1. Given any integer , define a sequence of points , , , as follows. First select any point on the circle, and for define as the point on the circle for which the length of arc is , when travelling counterclockwise around the circle from to . Suppose that and are the nearest adjacent points on either side of . Prove that .
For distinct positive integers , , define to be the number of integers with such that the remainder when divided by 2012 is greater than that of divided by 2012. Let be the minimum value of , where and range over all pairs of distinct positive integers less than 2012. Determine .
Let be a point in the plane of triangle , and a line passing through . Let , , be the points where the reflections of lines , , with respect to intersect lines , , , respectively. Prove that , , are collinear.