2020 John Locke Essay Competition

2020 John Locke Essay Competition

2020 John Locke写作比赛

热烈祝贺3位翰林学子入围2020John Locke竞赛Short List

恭喜Su同学入围哲学Shotlist
恭喜Fang同学入围哲学Shotlist
恭喜Wang同学入围历史学Shotlist

2020哲学Shotlist 初中组Shortlist

政治学Politics 历史History

理学Psychology 法律Law

神学Theology 经济学Economics

项目介绍

John Locke Essay Competition写作比赛是由位于英国牛津的独立教育组织John Locke Institute与英国牛津大学和美国普林斯顿大学等名校教授合作组织学术项目,意在考察学生在不同学科领域内的基本知识结构,议论文的基本写作格式与技巧,独立思考能力以及清晰的逻辑和辩证分析能力。其评审全部来自英国牛津大学,参赛对象均为全世界范围内思考能力最强的中学生。在比赛中获得荣誉可以大幅提升美国和英国大学本科申请竞争力。往年参与学生录取成绩包括普林斯顿、哈佛、耶鲁、斯坦福、芝加哥、伯克利、牛津、剑桥等世界名校。

我们每天都在使用语言和文字,但很少有人知道,与其他生物的大脑不同,人的大脑天生具备学习语言的天赋,而人类语言体系的复杂程度也非任何其他生物的交流体系可比。语言和文字是人类最珍贵的能力之一。

很多时候我们发现自己有获得信息的渠道,却不会筛选有效信息;有零星的论点,却没有完整的论证逻辑;会借鉴别人的观点,却无法形成新的想法。提升写作能力的本质是提升思考能力,无论将来学习什么专业,从事什么行业,强大的写作能力都能使一个人受益终身。

竞赛内容

2020年竞赛Essay问题

2020年的可选题目涉及7个领域的26个题目,具体为:

Philosophy哲学类:

Q1. Is intuition to philosophy as observation is to science?

Q2. Are there circumstances under which an employer has a moral duty to pay her employee more than they agreed in the employment contract?

Q3. Can good art make one a better person? (Professor Roger Teichman, University of Oxford)

Politics政治类

Q1. Governments do a lot of things, such as collecting taxes and drafting people into the military, that we would object to individuals doing. Can this be justified? (Professor David Friedman, Santa Clara University)

Q2. There are some things it is legal to give away but illegal to sell. Should this distinction exist?

Q3. American citizens give away more than $300 billion each year in charitable donations. Only a tiny fraction of this (less than 0.001%) is donated to federal, state, and local governments. Politicians claim that they spend taxpayers’ money efficiently, to accomplish the most good with the budgets at their disposal. But if this were true wouldn’t governments be able to compete more successfully with private charities? What are the implications of your answer?

Economics经济类

Q1. What is the socially efficient level of crime? (Professor Daniel d’Amico, Brown University)

Q2. Does unilateral free trade serve a nation’s economic interests? (Professor Donald Boudreaux, George Mason University)

Q3. What are the most important economic effects – good and bad – of forced redistribution? How should this inform government policy?

History历史类

Q1. How is the modern world different from previous periods of history and why did it come into existence when and where it did? (Dr Stephen Davies, Institute of Economic Affairs)

Q2. Is a strong state a prerequisite or an obstacle to economic growth? (Professor Terence Kealey, economic historian, University of Buckingham)

Q3. How did there come to be so many prisoners in the United States?

Psychology心理学类

Q1. Isn’t all reasoning (outside mathematics and formal logic) motivated reasoning?

Q2. According to evolutionary psychology, we are evolved to believe what is useful, whether or not what is useful is always also what is true. How can we resist the tendency to believe what is evolutionarily adaptive at the expense of truth? And would it increase or diminish human flourishing to do so?

Q3. Are the psychological differences between genders greater or smaller than those between sexes?

Theology神学类

Q1. According to C.S. Lewis, ‘a man who was merely a man and said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great moral teacher.’ If Jesus was not God Incarnate, what was he?

Q2. Many people have committed acts, execrated and deplored by others, in obedience to sincerely held beliefs. Can we reasonably ask anyone to do better than simply to obey his own conscience?

Q3. Is Islam a religion of peace?

Law法律类

Q1. Do the underlying principles of common law require that juries be informed about jury nullification?

Q2. Why is racial discrimination illegal on employment websites but not on social websites such as Facebook or Tinder?

Q3. Does a law that prohibits the selling of sex protect or infringe women’s rights?

Junior Category初中组(参赛邀请发给针对2020年7月15日后15周岁的候选学生)

Q1. The government funds opera and ballet, but not Call of Duty or Super Mario. Should citizens be forced to subsidise entertainment? And, if so, why some people’s but not others’?

Q2. Who should own your data? The companies with which you agree to share your data, everybody, just you, or nobody?

Q3. How socialist is Sweden?

Q4. Who was the best leader of all time?

Q5. What’s wrong with slavery? (Professor Roger Teichmann, University of Oxford)

竞赛奖项

Grand Prize:终极大奖

剩下每个分类将分别评选

  • Winner
  • Second Prize
  • Third Prize

竞赛时间

2020年参赛Essay提交截止时间Submission deadline:2020年7月15日

Short-listed candidates notified候选人名单公布时间:2020年7月31日

申请要求

  1. 无国籍、学校限制,在参赛作品提交截止日前大于或小于18周岁(不过在参赛作品提交截止日2020年7月31日前不满19周岁的学生可以角逐奖项或奖状推荐),但是对角逐Junior Prize的参赛者要求在参赛作品提交截止日前不超过14周岁
  2. 仅可选择一个分类的一个问题完成一篇不超过2000字的Essay(字数不包含diagrams图标,tables of data数据表,footnotes注释,bibliography背景介绍或authorship declaration作者申明)
  3. 参赛作品必须是PDF格式线上提交,且文件命名规则是SURNAME姓, First Name名(比如POPHAM, Alexander)

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