每个人天生都擅长外语学习,就看你方法用对了没(二)

每个人天生都擅长外语学习,就看你方法用对了没(一)

每个人天生都擅长外语学习,就看你方法用对了没(三)

5

像傻子一样练习

Being self-conscious is your biggest enemy. You cannot speak a foreign language without feeling stupid at some point. You have to get over that. You have to twist your mouth into strange new shapes that make you feel like a caricature; you will speak and not be understood and you will listen and not understand. a lot. It's really okay and in fact necessary to learning. If you think about it, what's the big deal? So you look stupid. Who cares?

过于关注自我是你最大的敌人。如果不在某种程度上感到自己很傻,你是不可能学好一门外语的,你必须克服它。你不得不使自己的嘴巴变成各种奇怪的形状,你要说出来并且不要指望别人能听懂,你要仔细听即使听不太懂。

这个过程需要许多。看起来很傻真的没什么,而且对学习是必须的。你想想,有什么大不了?即使你看起来傻,又有谁在乎?

If you instead give yourself credit every time you feel stupid you can turn this around. Give yourself a little mental gold star each time you feel stupid because those moments are learning moments. Feeling stupid is actually a sign of progress, or the moment just prior to progress.

如果每次在感到自己很傻的时候给自己一个奖励,就可以把这种窘迫感倒转过来。每次你感到自己很笨的时候,给自己一点精神奖励,因为这些时刻就是你学习的时刻。感到很笨实际上是进步的标志,也是进步之前的标志。

 

 

 

6

了解自己的水平

I strongly advise you measure your level using CEFR levels (CEFR Levels - The Common European Framework of Reference for languages) as these are now standard across Europe.

大家可以使用CEFR标准来定位现有的英语水平,因为这在整个欧洲都是通用的。

从下图可以看出雅思考试分数与CEFR各个能力等级的对应程度:

7

设定目标

Goal setting (and measuring progress against those goals) is one of the most effective tools in your learning arsenal. I highly recommend setting short term and longer terms goals.

设定目标(并且以这些目标来衡量学习进步程度)是语言学习中非常有效的工具。推荐大家设定短期目标与长期目标。

Short term goals can be as simple as how many hours of study you will do each week. If you (say) want to study one hour a day then write seven boxes on a sheet and every hour you study, check a box. It feels good and you're measuring progress which is visible to you even when you don't feel like you're progressing.

短期目标可以仅仅是你每周要达到的学习时间数。如果你像每天学习1个小时,那么你可以在纸上画7个小方格,每次你学完1个小时就画一个勾。衡量进步程度会让你感觉良好,即使当你感觉不到自己在进步时。

Set longer terms goals like passing a specific CEFR level.

长期目标则可以定义为达到CEFR某一等级,或是雅思、托福等语言考试的一定分数。

 

8

重复、重复、重复

Repetition is absolutely vital to learning most things but especially important when learning a language. It sounds boring but it doesn't need to be. More on this in a moment. One more time, just in case you didn't get it: repetition is vital to learning.

重复在大部分学习中都很重要,尤其对语言的学习。这点听起来有点无聊,但不得不做。再说一遍,怕你记不住:重复对学习至关重要。

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