每个人天生都擅长外语学习,就看你方法用对了没(三)

每个人天生都擅长外语学习,就看你方法用对了没(一)

每个人天生都擅长外语学习,就看你方法用对了没(二)

9

回想比复习更重要

Practicing recall has proven to be 300% more effective than revising something. In other words, you must challenge yourself to "produce" French, not just comprehend it. The metaphor I use for memory is a field of long grass. You drop lots of things in it, but to make them easy to find again, you must practise retrieving them. Every time you do, you tread down the path to the thing you're recalling and it gets easier to follow.

这一点已经得到证明,回想的有效度是复习的300%。换句话说,你必须挑战自己去“产生”这门语言,而不仅仅是理解它。记忆在我看来,就是一大片深深的草原。你在其中放了许多东西,但是想要很轻松地找到它们,你必须不断练习去寻找它们。每次你这样做,你就先踩出道路,下次你再找就可以很方便简单。任何你回想的练习都有助于提升你的外语水平。

 

10

对部分课文死记硬背

这是我觉得可以排名第一的秘诀,我发现这是快速学习外语的最有效方法。

Pick a text on a subject you find interesting and at the right level for you (i.e. a bit challenging but not too hard). If you're a beginner keep it short,(i.e. a few sentences at a time). Graphic comics are really good for beginners (things like Peanuts) which you can order online.

找到一本你可以在一周内学完的课文(必须有配套音频)。找一篇你感兴趣并且符合你学习水平的课文,如果你是初学者,找篇短的。

As you progress you can pick longer texts and learn a few paragraphs, or pages of dialogue at a time. I like using film or theatre texts, or books I liked as a kid which are also good because the language is usually simple.

当你的水平不断提高时,你可以选择更长的课文、对话。我比较喜欢使用电影或剧本文章,或者小孩喜欢的课文,这些都很好,而且语言相对简单。

 

11

睡眠

Sleep is vital to memory. In fact, research shows the time of day that you sleep is not that important. Daytime napping is very effective. Don't deprive yourself of sleep for too long after you've learned or practiced something.When you sleep your brain starts to build structures to turn short-term memories into long-term memories.

睡眠对记忆力非常重要。实际上,研究者发现白天的睡眠时间并没有那么重要,白天打盹很有效,别剥夺自己太多的睡眠时间,尤其是在学习或练习之后,当你睡眠的时候,你的大脑开始建立框架,并且使短期记忆变成了长期记忆。

 

12

锻炼&营养

We tend to think of our brains as separate from our bodies, but of course the brain is part of body. If you exercise, you get huge mental benefits. It might sound bizarre but keeping fit will help you learn a language. You can even combine the two efforts by listen to French audio during a workout or run.

我们常常认为大脑与身体不同,但大脑也是身体的一部分。如果锻炼身体,你会得到巨大的精神上的好处。这听起来像胡扯,但保持健康会有助于你学习一门外语。你可以边听边锻炼。

And make sure the fuel you're putting into your body and brain is good for it. Eating healthily, just like exercise, has amazing cognitive benefits. If you ever get 'brain fog', you might want to pay more attention to what you're eating and drinking. Ask yourself what you consumed in the previous 24-48 hours. Yep, it can take up to two days for something you ate or drank to affect your cognition.

而且,要保证你吃的东西和食物达到的能量是有好处的。健康饮食与锻炼一样,对认知有意想不到的好处。如果曾经经历“大脑迷糊”,你可能需要注意你的饮食了。问问自己,过去24-48小时都吃了什么东西,过去两天吃的东西可能对你的认知功能都有影响。

 

13

学习关于学习的知识

I've found that every hour I invested in learning about learning paid off many times over in my learning speed of actual content. There's general stuff that you can learn about learning that works for everyone, and then there are your own personal learning tricks that can develop; this is about just taking time to reflect on what work best for you and thinking about how to improve on what you're doing.

我发现,用在学习如何学习的每个小时,都能在我实际的学习内容上产生数倍的回报。你可以学习那些对每个人都有用的学习技巧,也可以找出适合自己的学习技巧。到底哪种方法对你得工作有用,如何提升你现在的工作,需要花一定的时间去反思思考。

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